E-ISSN 2090-0503 | ISSN 1687-7497
 

Original Research 


Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions

Nahla A. El Sherif, Jawaher Almutairi.

Abstract
Water deficit causes a reduction of growth parameters for all plants. Cytological and biochemical responses of fava beans (Vicia faba L.) to marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) extract were investigated under water deficit conditions. Two sets of V. faba seeds were used. Seeds of the first set were soaked for 24 hours in 50, 100 and 150 mg/ml O. majorana extract. Seeds of the second set were irrigated with the same extract concentrations for 28 days. Seed germination rate, plant height, number, area and chlorophyll content of leaves, as well as the dry and wet weights of shoot and root after soaking in the extract were higher than those irrigated by the extract. The mitotic index (MI) showed a higher rate of cell division in V. faba roots treated with different concentrations of O. majorana extract (either by irrigation or by soaking) compared with the control. Protein patterns from control and treated plants were studied using SDS-PAGE technique. Protein bands were induced in fava bean plants exposed to water deficit whereas marjoram extract caused a decrease in protein accumulation. Results from this study suggested that O. majorana extract could be used to alleviate the effect of water deficit stress on V. faba plants.

Key words: Vicia faba, faba beans, Origanum majorana, marjoram, , water deficit, antioxidants, cell division.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

NAES, Almutairi J. Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). 2019; 15(2): 147-155. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190615043304


Web Style

NAES, Almutairi J. Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions. http://www.egyseb.net/?mno=52909 [Access: August 19, 2019]. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190615043304


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

NAES, Almutairi J. Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). 2019; 15(2): 147-155. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190615043304



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

NAES, Almutairi J. Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). (2019), [cited August 19, 2019]; 15(2): 147-155. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190615043304



Harvard Style

, N. A. E. S. & Almutairi, . J. (2019) Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.), 15 (2), 147-155. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190615043304



Turabian Style

, Nahla A. El Sherif, and Jawaher Almutairi. 2019. Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions. THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany), 15 (2), 147-155. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190615043304



Chicago Style

, Nahla A. El Sherif, and Jawaher Almutairi. "Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions." THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany) 15 (2019), 147-155. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190615043304



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Nahla A. El Sherif, and Jawaher Almutairi. "Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions." THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany) 15.2 (2019), 147-155. Print. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190615043304



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, N. A. E. S. & Almutairi, . J. (2019) Cytological and Biochemical Responses of Vicia faba L. to Origanum majorana L. Extract Under Water Deficit Conditions. THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany), 15 (2), 147-155. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190615043304