E-ISSN 2090-0503 | ISSN 1687-7497
 

Original Research 


Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor

Hanan Ahmed Hashem, Abdel Rahman Gamal Eldeen Abdel Rahman, Hala Abd El Hameed Kassem, Nehad Fathy Abdel Aziz.

Abstract
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the allelopathic effect of different concentrations (25, 50 and 100 g/ml) of root exudates and aqueous leaf extracts of three desert plants (Artemisia judaica, Asphodelus microcarpus and Solanum nigrum) on two weed plants (Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor). In laboratory experiment, the three studied plants possessed herbicidal effects that significantly inhibited germination, seedling growth and chlorophyll content of P. oleracea and P. minor; the inhibitory effect was proportional to the concentrations applied. Artemisia judaica and A. microcarpus were the most effective root exudates against P. oleracea while A. microcarpus was the most effective against P. minor compared to the other examined root exudates. Meanwhile, A. judaica was proved to be the most effective leaf extract against P. oleracea and P. minor followed by A. microcarpus and then S. nigrum. A number of phenols and flavonoids with known allelopathic potential was identified in the leaf extracts of the three studied plants and could explain their inhibitory effect on P. minor and P. oleracea plants. Generally, the aqueous leaf extracts showed greater allelopathic effects than the root exudates. However, both root exudates and aqueous leaf extracts of the three tested plants are attractive to be utilized in bio- herbicidal development program towards active weed management.

Key words: Allelochemicals, allelopathy, desert plants, eco-friendly, flavonoids, phenols, secondary metabolites.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Hanan Ahmed Hashem
Articles by Abdel Rahman Gamal Eldeen Abdel Rahman
Articles by Hala Abd El Hameed Kassem
Articles by Nehad Fathy Abdel Aziz
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 435
Downloaded: 75
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hashem HA, , Kassem HAEH, Aziz NFA, . Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). 2019; 15(1): 99-109. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190507020508


Web Style

Hashem HA, , Kassem HAEH, Aziz NFA, . Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor. http://www.egyseb.net/?mno=47521 [Access: June 19, 2019]. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190507020508


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hashem HA, , Kassem HAEH, Aziz NFA, . Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). 2019; 15(1): 99-109. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190507020508



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hashem HA, , Kassem HAEH, Aziz NFA, . Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). (2019), [cited June 19, 2019]; 15(1): 99-109. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190507020508



Harvard Style

Hashem, H. A., , Kassem, . H. A. E. H., Aziz, . N. F. A. & (2019) Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.), 15 (1), 99-109. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190507020508



Turabian Style

Hashem, Hanan Ahmed, Abdel Rahman Gamal Eldeen Abdel Rahman, Hala Abd El Hameed Kassem, Nehad Fathy Abdel Aziz, and . 2019. Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor. THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany), 15 (1), 99-109. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190507020508



Chicago Style

Hashem, Hanan Ahmed, Abdel Rahman Gamal Eldeen Abdel Rahman, Hala Abd El Hameed Kassem, Nehad Fathy Abdel Aziz, and . "Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor." THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany) 15 (2019), 99-109. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190507020508



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hashem, Hanan Ahmed, Abdel Rahman Gamal Eldeen Abdel Rahman, Hala Abd El Hameed Kassem, Nehad Fathy Abdel Aziz, and . "Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor." THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany) 15.1 (2019), 99-109. Print. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190507020508



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hashem, H. A., , Kassem, . H. A. E. H., Aziz, . N. F. A. & (2019) Bio-herbicidal potential of desert plants Artemisia judaica L., Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. &Viv. and Solanum nigrum L. against Portulaca oleracea and Phalaris minor. THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany), 15 (1), 99-109. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20190507020508