E-ISSN 2090-0503 | ISSN 1687-7497
 

Review Article 


Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint

Esraa E. Ammar, Nihal O. ELghandour, Moustafa S. Mouhamed, Nehal E. ELKaliny.

Abstract
Biotechnology refers to any technological application makes or modifies products or processes for specific usage using biological systems. Agricultural biotechnology is a group of scientific methods for improving plants, animals or microbes. Scientists have developed strategies to increase agricultural productivity based on their understanding of DNA by incorporating recombinant technology into traditional breeding operations, agricultural research. The targeted introduction of desired genes into the crop could speed up breeding. Main goal of transgenic breeding is improving the agronomic and qualitative features of crops. Genetic engineering (transformation) refers to the deliberate altering of the genome of an organism by the introduction of one or few particular foreign genes, while the modified organism refers to a transformed (transgenic) organism. Herbicide-resistant, salinity-tolerant, drought-tolerant and Bt crops are examples of biotechnology's crop achievements. Genetically engineered technologies are beneficial for semi-subsistence agriculture because of the relatively low setup costs, whilst plant tissue culture is biotechnology use for improving crops which increases breeding speed and efficiency depending on directly or indirectly modifying genes and genomic areas that underpin essential features. Overexpression, genome editing, RNA interference are models of direct approaches, whereas breeding is mostly an indirect strategy. These tactics could speed the improvement of agricultural species when new techniques become available as high-throughput genotyping, generation sequencing and precision editing.

Key words: Biotechnology, Genetic Engineering, Stress Tolerance and Transgenic Crop Tissue Culture


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ammar EE, ELghandour NO, Mouhamed MS, ELKaliny NE. Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). 2021; 17(2): 174-188. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20211021042802


Web Style

Ammar EE, ELghandour NO, Mouhamed MS, ELKaliny NE. Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint. http://www.egyseb.net//?mno=134758 [Access: December 31, 2021]. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20211021042802


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ammar EE, ELghandour NO, Mouhamed MS, ELKaliny NE. Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). 2021; 17(2): 174-188. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20211021042802



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ammar EE, ELghandour NO, Mouhamed MS, ELKaliny NE. Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). (2021), [cited December 31, 2021]; 17(2): 174-188. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20211021042802



Harvard Style

Ammar, E. E., ELghandour, . N. O., Mouhamed, . M. S. & ELKaliny, . N. E. (2021) Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.), 17 (2), 174-188. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20211021042802



Turabian Style

Ammar, Esraa E., Nihal O. ELghandour, Moustafa S. Mouhamed, and Nehal E. ELKaliny. 2021. Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint. THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany), 17 (2), 174-188. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20211021042802



Chicago Style

Ammar, Esraa E., Nihal O. ELghandour, Moustafa S. Mouhamed, and Nehal E. ELKaliny. "Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint." THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany) 17 (2021), 174-188. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20211021042802



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ammar, Esraa E., Nihal O. ELghandour, Moustafa S. Mouhamed, and Nehal E. ELKaliny. "Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint." THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany) 17.2 (2021), 174-188. Print. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20211021042802



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ammar, E. E., ELghandour, . N. O., Mouhamed, . M. S. & ELKaliny, . N. E. (2021) Crop productivity enhancement; Agricultural biotechnology viewpoint. THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany), 17 (2), 174-188. doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20211021042802